| bonora - bonora bonora Keywords: bonora; second family records; experimental Downloads: 70 |

| bonora - harbatium - bonora harbatium Keywords: Second Family Records; bonora; experimental Downloads: 66 |

| Bonora - Nabucco Situation - Bonora bonora - nabucco situation Keywords: Second Family Records; bonora Downloads: 616 |

| Taste of Vongola - Francesco Bonora
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| Deutsche Mittelmeerreise vom 1. August bis 1. September 1905 - Franz Bonora Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of California and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Downloads: 106 | |

| Non-orientable string one-loop corrections in the presence of a B field - L. Bonora We discuss the problem of noncommutative SO(N) gauge field theories from the string one-loop point of view. To this end we propose an expression for the string propagator on the boundary of the Moebius strip in the presence of a constant B field. We discuss in detail the problems related to its derivation. Then we use it to compute the one-loop corrections to two-, three- and four-gluon amplitudes in an open string theory with orthogonal Chan-Paton factors... Downloads: 4 | |

| Normal Bundles, Pfaffians and Anomalies - L. Bonora We deal with the problem of diffeomorphism anomaly in theories with branes. In particular we thoroughly analyze the problem of the residual chiral anomaly of a five-brane immersed in M-theory, paying attention to its global formulation in the five-brane world-volume. We conclude that the anomaly can be canceled by a {\it local} counterterm in the five-brane world-volume. Downloads: 3 | |

| Quantum sl_n Toda field theories - L. Bonora We quantize $sl_n$ Toda field theories in a periodic lattice. We find the quantum exchange algebra in the diagonal monodromy (Bloch wave) basis in the case of the defining representation. In the $sl_3$ case we extend the analysis also to the second fundamental representation. We clarify, in particular, the relation of Jimbo and Rosso's quantum $R$ matrix with the quantum $R$ matrix in the Bloch wave basis. Downloads: 6 | |

| The N=2 supersymmetric Toda lattice and matrix models - L. Bonora We propose a new integrable N=2 supersymmetric Toda lattice hierarchy which may be relevant for constructing a supersymmetric one-matrix model. We define its first two Hamiltonian structures, the recursion operator and Lax--pair representation. We provide partial evidence for the existence of an infinite-dimensional N=2 superalgebra of its flows. We study its bosonic limit and introduce new Lax-pair representations for the bosonic Toda lattice hierarchy... Downloads: 3 | |

| Non-simply-laced Lie algebras via F theory strings - Loriano Bonora In order to describe the appearance in F theory of the non--simply--laced Lie algebras, we use the representation of symmetry enhancements by means of string junctions. After an introduction to the techniques used to describe symmetry enhancement, that is algebraic geometry, BPS states analysis and string junctions, we concentrate on the latter. We give an explicit description of the folding of D_{2n} to B_n of the folding of E_6 to F_4 and that of D_4 to G_2 in terms of junctions and Jordan str... Downloads: 20 | |

| Generalized states in SFT - Loriano Bonora The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual spac... Downloads: 20 | |

| Chiral anomalies in noncommutative gauge theories - L. Bonora Using cohomological methods we discuss several issues related to chiral anomalies in noncommutative U(N) YM theories in any even dimension. We show that for each dimension there is only one solution of the WZ consistency condition and that there cannot be any reducible anomaly, nor any mixed anomaly when the gauge group is a product group. We also clarify some puzzling aspects of the issue of the anomaly when chiral fermions are in the adjoint representation. Downloads: 4 | |

| The Hamiltonian structure of the N=2 supersymmetric GNLS hierarchy - L. Bonora The first two Hamiltonian structures and the recursion operator connecting all evolution systems and Hamiltonian structures of the N=2 supersymmetric (n,m)-GNLS hierarchy are constructed in terms of N=2 superfields in two different superfield bases with local evolution equations. Their bosonic limits are studied in detail. New local and nonlocal bosonic and fermionic integrals both for the N=2 supersymmetric (n,m)-GNLS hierarchy and its bosonic counterparts are derived... Downloads: 10 | |

| Hamiltonian structure and coset construction of the supersymmetric extensions of N=2 KdV hierarchy - L. Bonora A manifestly N=2 supersymmetric coset formalism is applied to analyse the "fermionic" extensions of N=2 $a=4$ and $a=-2$ KdV hierarchies. Both these hierarchies can be obtained from a manifest N=2 coset construction. This coset is defined as the quotient of some local but non-linear superalgebra by a $\hat{U(1)}$ subalgebra. Three superextensions of N=2 KdV hierarchy are proposed, among which one seems to be entirely new. Downloads: 3 | |

| Liouville and Toda field theories on Riemann surfaces - E. Aldrovandi We study the Liouville theory on a Riemann surface of genus g by means of their associated Drinfeld--Sokolov linear systems. We discuss the cohomological properties of the monodromies of these systems. We identify the space of solutions of the equations of motion which are single--valued and local and explicitly represent them in terms of Krichever--Novikov oscillators. Then we discuss the operator structure of the quantum theory, in particular we determine the quantum exchange algebras and find... Downloads: 9 | |

| Hawking radiation, W-infinity algebra and trace anomalies - L. Bonora We apply the "trace anomaly method" to the calculation of moments of the Hawking radiation of a Schwarzschild black hole. We show that they can be explained as the fluxes of chiral currents forming a W-infinity algebra. Then we construct the covariant version of these currents and verify that up to order 6 they are not affected by any trace anomaly. Using cohomological methods we show that actually, for the fourth order current, no trace anomalies can exist... Downloads: 17 | |

| Renormalization of noncommutative U(N) gauge theories - L. Bonora We give an explicit proof that the noncommutative U(N) gauge theories are one-loop renormalizable Downloads: 7 | |

| Multi-field representations of KP hierarchies and multi-matrix models - L. Bonora We discuss the integrable hierarchies that appear in multi--matrix models. They can be envisaged as multi--field representations of the KP hierarchy. We then study the possible reductions of this systems via the Dirac reduction method by suppressing successively one by one part of the fields. We find in this way new integrable hierarchies, of which we are able to write the Lax pair representations by means of suitable Drinfeld--Sokolov linear systems... Downloads: 3 | |

| An alternative approach to KP hierarchy in matrix models - L. Bonora We show that there exists an alternative procedure in order to extract differential hierarchies, such as the KdV hierarchy, from one--matrix models, without taking a continuum limit. To prove this we introduce the Toda lattice and reformulate it in operator form. We then consider the reduction to the systems appropriate for one--matrix model. Downloads: 3 | |

| The (N,M)-th KdV hierarchy and the associated W algebra - L. Bonora We discuss a differential integrable hierarchy, which we call the (N, M)$--th KdV hierarchy, whose Lax operator is obtained by properly adding $M$ pseudo--differential terms to the Lax operator of the N--th KdV hierarchy. This new hierarchy contains both the higher KdV hierarchy and multi--field representation of KP hierarchy as sub--systems and naturally appears in multi--matrix models. The N+2M-1 coordinates or fields of this hierarchy satisfy two algebras of compatible Poisson brackets which ... Downloads: 4 | |

| Multi-matrix models without continuum limit - L. Bonora We derive the discrete linear systems associated to multi--matrix models, the corresponding discrete hierarchies and the appropriate coupling conditions. We also obtain the $W_{1+\infty}$ constraints on the partition function. We then apply to multi--matrix models the technique, developed in previous papers, of extracting hierarchies of differential equations from lattice ones without passing through a continuum limit... Downloads: 6 | |

| Partition Functions for Quantum Gravity, Black Holes, Elliptic Genera and Lie Algebra Homologies - L. Bonora There is a remarkable connection between quantum generating functions of field theory and formal power series associated with dimensions of chains and homologies of suitable Lie algebras. We discuss the homological aspects of this connection with its applications to partition functions of the minimal three-dimensional gravities in the space-time asymptotic to AdS3, which also describe the three-dimensional Euclidean black holes, the pure N = 1 supergravity, and a sigma model on N-fold generalize... Downloads: 4 | |

| BRST, anti-BRST and gerbes - L. Bonora We discuss BRST and anti--BRST transformations for an Abelian antisymmetric gauge field in 4D and find that, in order for them to anticommute, we have to impose a condition on the auxiliary fields. This condition is similar to the Curci-Ferrari condition for the 4D non--Abelian 1-form gauge theories and represents a consistency requirement. We interpret it as a signal that our Abelian 2-form gauge field theory is based on gerbes... Downloads: 3 | |

| Fluxes, Brane Charges and Chern Morphisms of Hyperbolic Geometry - L. Bonora The purpose of this paper is to provide the reader with a collection of results which can be found in the mathematical literature and to apply them to hyperbolic spaces that may have a role in physical theories. Specifically we apply K-theory methods for the calculation of brane charges and RR-fields on hyperbolic spaces (and orbifolds thereof). It is known that by tensoring K-groups with the rationals, K-theory can be mapped to rational cohomology by means of the Chern character isomorphisms... Downloads: 6 | |

| Topological Field Theory Interpretations and LG Representation of c=1 String Theory - L. Bonora We analyze the topological nature of $c=1$ string theory at the self--dual radius. We find that it admits two distinct topological field theory structures characterized by two different puncture operators. We show it first in the unperturbed theory in which the only parameter is the cosmological constant, then in the presence of any infinitesimal tachyonic perturbation. We also discuss in detail a Landau--Ginzburg representation of one of the two topological field theory structures. Downloads: 4 | |

| Matrix models without scaling limit - L. Bonora In the context of hermitean one--matrix models we show that the emergence of the NLS hierarchy and of its reduction, the KdV hierarchy, is an exact result of the lattice characterizing the matrix model. Said otherwise, we are not obliged to take a continuum limit to find these hierarchies. We interpret this result as an indication of the topological nature of them. We discuss the topological field theories associated with both and discuss the connection with topological field theories coupled to... Downloads: 6 | |

| Extended Toda lattice hierarchy, extended two-matrix model and c=1 string theory - L. Bonora We show how the two--matrix model and Toda lattice hierarchy presented in a previous paper can be solved exactly: we obtain compact formulas for correlators of pure tachyonic states at every genus. We then extend the model to incorporate a set of discrete states organized in finite dimensional $sl_2$ representations. We solve also this extended model and find the correlators of the discrete states by means of the $W$ constraints and the flow equations... Downloads: 14 | |

| Correlation functions of two-matrix models - L. Bonora We show how to calculate correlation functions of two matrix models. Our method consists in making full use of the integrable hierarchies and their reductions, which were shown in previous papers to naturally appear in multi--matrix models. The second ingredient we use are the $W$--constraints. In fact an explicit solution of the relevant hierarchy, satisfying the $W$--constraints (string equation), underlies the explicit calculation of the correlation functions... Downloads: 5 | |

| Two-matrix model and c=1 string theory - L. Bonora We show that the most general two--matrix model with bilinear coupling underlies $c=1$ string theory. More precisely we prove that $W_{1+\infty}$ constraints, a subset of the correlation functions and the integrable hierarchy characterizing such two--matrix model, correspond exactly to the $W_{1+\infty}$ constraints, to the discrete tachyon correlation functions and to the integrable hierarchy of the $c=1$ string. Downloads: 6 | |

| On the string interpretation of M(atrix) theory - L. Bonora It has been proposed recently that, in the framework of M(atrix) theory, N=8 supersymmetric U(N) Yang-Mills theory in 1+1 dimensions gives rise to type IIA long string configurations. We point out that the quantum moduli space of $SYM_{1+1}$ gives rise to two quantum numbers, which fit very well into the M(atrix) theory. The two quantum numbers become familiar if one switches to a IIB picture, where they represent configurations of D-strings and fundamental strings... Downloads: 9 | |

| Enhanced gauge symmetries on elliptic K3 - L. Bonora We show that the geometry of K3 surfaces with singularities of type A-D-E contains enough information to reconstruct a copy of the Lie algebra associated to the given Dynkin diagram. We apply this construction to explain the enhancement of symmetry in F and IIA theories compactified on singular K3's. Downloads: 7 | |

| The energy of the analytic lump solution in SFT - L. Bonora In a previous paper a method was proposed to find exact analytic solutions of open string field theory describing lower dimensional lumps, by incorporating in string field theory an exact renormalization group flow generated by a relevant operator in a worldsheet CFT. In this paper we compute the energy of one such solution, which is expected to represent a D24 brane. We show, both numerically and analytically, that its value corresponds to the theoretically expected one. Downloads: 15 | |

| Multi-Matrix Models: Integrability Properties and Topological Content - L. Bonora We analyze multi--matrix chain models. They can be considered as multi--component Toda lattice hierarchies subject to suitable coupling conditions. The extension of such models to include extra discrete states requires a weak form of integrability. The discrete states of the $q$--matrix model are organized in representations of $sl_q$. We solve exactly the Gaussian--type models, of which we compute several all-genus correlators... Downloads: 2 | |

| Ghost story. III. Back to ghost number zero - L. Bonora After having defined a 3-strings midpoint-inserted vertex for the bc system, we analyze the relation between gh=0 states (wedge states) and gh=3 midpoint duals. We find explicit and regular relations connecting the two objects. In the case of wedge states this allows us to write down a spectral decomposition for the gh=0 Neumann matrices, despite the fact that they are not commuting with the matrix representation of K1... Downloads: 6 | |

| A note on consistent anomalies in noncommutative YM theories - L. Bonora Via descent equations we derive formulas for consistent gauge anomalies in noncommutative Yang-Mills theories. Downloads: 2 | |

| One size does not fit all glycemic targets for type 2 diabetes. (Volume 5) - Pozzilli, Paolo This article is from Journal of Diabetes Investigation, volume 5.AbstractThe United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study, and Diabetes Control and Complications Trial have shown that aggressive glucose control, especially early in the natural history of the disease, might result in a significant reduction of microvascular as well as macrovascular complications. However, more recent trials have increased the level of complexity of the relationship between ‘tight glucose control/chronic complicati... Downloads: 1 | |

| Toda lattice realization of integrable hierarchies - L. Bonora We present a new realization of scalar integrable hierarchies in terms of the Toda lattice hierarchy. In other words, we show on a large number of examples that an integrable hierarchy, defined by a pseudodifferential Lax operator, can be embedded in the Toda lattice hierarchy. Such a realization in terms the Toda lattice hierarchy seems to be as general as the Drinfeld--Sokolov realization. Downloads: 3 | |

| Towards open-closed string duality: Closed Strings as Open String Fields - L. Bonora We establish a translation dictionary between open and closed strings, starting from open string field theory. Under this correspondence, (off-shell) level-matched closed string states are represented by star algebra projectors in open string field theory. Particular attention is paid to the zero mode sector, which is indispensable in order to generate closed string states with momentum. As an outcome of our identification, we show that boundary states, which in closed string theory represent D-... Downloads: 7 | |

| Conifold geometries, topological strings and multi-matrix models - G. Bonelli We study open B-model representing D-branes on 2-cycles of local Calabi--Yau geometries. To this end we work out a reduction technique linking D-branes partition functions and multi-matrix models in the case of conifold geometries so that the matrix potential is related to the complex moduli of the conifold. We study the geometric engineering of the multi-matrix models and focus on two-matrix models with bilinear couplings... Downloads: 4 | |

| Classifying A-field and B-field configurations in the presence of D-branes - Loriano Bonora We "solve" the Freed-Witten anomaly equation, i.e., we find a geometrical classification of the B-field and A-field configurations in the presence of D-branes that are anomaly-free. The mathematical setting being provided by the geometry of gerbes, we find that the allowed configurations are jointly described by a coset of a certain hypercohomology group. We then describe in detail various cases that arise according to such classification... Downloads: 3 | |

| Lump solutions in SFT. Complements - L. Bonora Recently a possible violation of the equation of motion for the recently proposed lump solutions in open SFT has been pointed out in the literature. In this paper we argue that, when the issue is considered in the appropriate mathematical setting of distribution theory, no violations to the equation of motion occur. Downloads: 4 | |

| Toward the construction of N=2 supersymmetric integrable hierarchies - L. Bonora We formulate a conjecture for the three different Lax operators that describe the bosonic sectors of the three possible $N=2$ supersymmetric integrable hierarchies with $N=2$ super $W_n$ second hamiltonian structure. We check this conjecture in the simplest cases, then we verify it in general in one of the three possible supersymmetric extensions. To this end we construct the $N=2$ supersymmetric extensions of the Generalized Non-Linear Schr\"{o}dinger hierarchy by exhibiting the corresponding s... Downloads: 14 | |

| Perturbative Anomalies of the M-5-brane - L. Bonora We discuss several mechanisms to cancel the anomalies of a 5-brane embedded in M-theory. Two of them work, provided we impose suitable conditions either on the 11-dimensional manifold of M-theory or on the 4-form field strength of M-theory. Downloads: 6 | |

| The Perturbative Spectrum of the Dressed Sliver - L. Bonora We analyze the fluctuations of the dressed sliver solution found in a previous paper, hep-th/0311198, in the operator formulation of Vacuum String Field Theory. We derive the tachyon wave function and then analyze the higher level fluctuations. We show that the dressing is responsible for implementing the transversality condition on the massless vector. In order to consistently deal with the singular $k=0$ mode we introduce a string midpoint regulator and we show that it is possible to accommoda... Downloads: 8 | |

| Flavour from partially resolved singularities - G. Bonelli In this letter we study topological open string field theory on D--branes in a IIB background given by non compact CY geometries ${\cal O}(n)\oplus{\cal O}(-2-n)$ on $\P1$ with a singular point at which an extra fiber sits. We wrap $N$ D5-branes on $\P1$ and $M$ effective D3-branes at singular points, which are actually D5--branes wrapped on a shrinking cycle. We calculate the holomorphic Chern-Simons partition function for the above models in a deformed complex structure and find that it reduce... Downloads: 6 | |

| Analytic solutions for Dp branes in SFT - L. Bonora This is the follow-up of a previous paper [ArXiv:1105.5926], where we calculated the energy of an analytic lump solution in SFT, representing a D24-brane. Here we describe an analytic solution for a Dp-brane, for any p, and compute its energy. Downloads: 4 | |

| Vacuum String Field Theory with B field - L. Bonora We continue the analysis of Vacuum String Field Theory in the presence of a constant B field. In particular we give a proof of the ratio of brane tensions is the expected one. On the wake of the recent literature we introduce wedge-like states and orthogonal projections. Finally we show a few examples of the smoothing out effects of the B field on some of the singularities that appear in VSFT. Downloads: 11 | |

| Anomalies and Locality in Field Theories and M theory - L. Bonora We review some basic notions on anomalies in field theories and superstring theories, with particular emphasis on the concept of locality. The aim is to prepare the ground for a discussion on anomalies in theories with branes. In this light we review the problem of chiral anomaly cancellation in M-theory with a 5-brane. Downloads: 19 | |

| The N=2 supersymmetric matrix GNLS hierarchies - L. Bonora We construct the matrix generalization of the N=2 supersymmetric GNLS hierarchies. This is done by exhibiting the corresponding matrix super Lax operators in terms of N=2 superfields in two different superfield bases. We present the second Hamiltonian structure and discrete symmetries. We then extend our discussion by conjecturing the Lax operators of different reductions of the N=2 supersymmetric matrix KP hierarchy and discuss the simplest examples. Downloads: 8 | |

| Conifold geometries, matrix models and quantum solutions - G. Bonelli This paper is a continuation of hepth/0507224 where open topological B-models describing D-branes on 2-cycles of local Calabi--Yau geometries with conical singularities were studied. After a short review, the paper expands in particular on two aspects: the gauge fixing problem in the reduction to two dimensions and the quantum matrix model solutions. Downloads: 8 | |